What is the difference between LTE and VOLTE?

What is VOLTE:- Volte (voice over lte) refers to voice calls made through a 4G LTE network rather than traditional calls made using csfb (circuit-switched fall-back), a system that switches…

Handover Process in LTE

The source eNB issues a HANDOVER REQUEST message to the target eNB passing the necessary information to prepare the HO on target side (UE X2 signaling context reference at source…

How LTE Network Architecture?

The LTE/EPC architecture is driven by the goal to optimize the system for packet data transfer. Remember that There are no circuit switched components in LTE/EPC. There is a new…

Different Categories of UE in LTE

Categories of UE in LTE is divided by its function which is as per below. Functionality: eNB obtains the UE radio capabilities via: • The S1AP initial setup request message…

Why LTE Require in Telecom ?

Higher data rates: Obviously this is a general requirement requested from any new system. Quality of service, Lower delay: To enable true convergence between real-time and non-real-time services quality of…

BENEFITS OF LTE/EPC

Fully packet-oriented mobile broadband network providing: – Peak data rates of 100 Mbps (DL) and 50 Mbps (UL) – Very low latency – Seamless and lossless handover – Sophisticated QoS…

EPS Bearer Terminology in LTE

EPS Bearer Terminology in LTE   Quality of service GBR bearer: Guaranteed bit rate Non-GBR bearer: No guaranteed bit rate Establishment time Default bearer Established when UE connects to PDN…

Inter-cell interference coordination (ICIC) in LTE

Inter-cell interference coordination (ICIC) in LTE To aid downlink ICIC Relative narrowband transmission-power indicator A cell can provide this information to neighboring cells, indicating the part of the bandwidth where…

BENEFITS OF MULTI-ANTENNA TECHNIQUES IN LTE

BENEFITS OF MULTI-ANTENNA TECHNIQUES IN LTE The availability of multiple antennas at the transmitter and/or the receiver can be utilized in different ways to achieve different aims: Multiple antennas at…

LTE Downlink & Uplink Physical Channel

LTE Downlink Physical Channel Physical Downlink Shared Channel ( PDSCH) This channel is used for unicastand paging functions. Carries the DL-SCH and PCH. QPSK,16-QAM,and 64-QAM Modulation. Physical Downlink Control Channel…