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What is MNC and MCC for GSM

What is MNC and MCC for GSM MCC MNC – Telecom What is mcc and mnc :- Both are very first question in your mind when you start learning on telecom its basic behind numbering system in telecom lets understand each one in details. MNC full form in telecom : Mobile Network Code. MCC full form in telecom … Read more

What are the various interfaces of GPRS?

What are the various interfaces of GPRS? GPRS is a mobile data service that was widely used before the advent of faster 3G, 4G, and 5G networks. It played a crucial role in enabling mobile internet and data transmission. To understand GPRS interfaces, let’s break them down: Air Interface (Um Interface): Um Interface: The air … Read more

What is Network Identity Parameter CGI in GSM

In GSM, the Network Identity Parameter CGI (Cell Global Identity) is a code that uniquely identifies a specific cell in a mobile network. It comprises the Mobile Country Code (MCC), Mobile Network Code (MNC), Location Area Code (LAC), and Cell Identity (CI). The CGI helps in identifying and differentiating cells within a GSM network, facilitating … Read more

What is Vplmn in telecom?

In telecommunications, VPLMN stands for “Visited Public Land Mobile Network.” VPLMN is a term associated with roaming in mobile communication systems. When a mobile subscriber travels outside their home network’s coverage area and uses the services of another network, the network they are visiting is referred to as the Visited Public Land Mobile Network. Here’s … Read more

What’s the difference between an active and passive antenna?

The terms “active antenna” and “passive antenna” refer to different types of antennas with distinct characteristics based on their internal components and functionality. Here’s a breakdown of the key differences between active and passive antennas: Active Antenna: 1. Definition: Active antennas incorporate active electronic components, such as amplifiers or signal processing circuits, within the antenna … Read more

Which are elements of base station subsystem of GSM?

The Base Station Subsystem (BSS) is a critical component of the GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) network architecture. It consists of several elements that collectively manage the radio communication between mobile devices and the network. The primary elements of the Base Station Subsystem in GSM are: 1. Base Transceiver Station (BTS): Function: The BTS … Read more

What is the SCH in GSM?

In GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications), the SCH (Synchronization CHannel) is a specific channel used for the initial synchronization of mobile devices with the base station. The SCH provides essential timing information to enable the mobile device to synchronize its internal clock with the network’s timing. Here’s a detailed explanation of the SCH in … Read more

What is the use of J pole antenna?

The J-pole antenna is a popular type of antenna known for its simplicity and effectiveness. It finds various applications in radio communication, particularly in the amateur radio (ham radio) community. The primary uses of J-pole antennas include: 1. Amateur Radio: VHF and UHF Bands: J-pole antennas are commonly used in the VHF (Very High Frequency) … Read more

What is the use of Msrn in GSM?

In GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications), the MSRN (Mobile Station Roaming Number) plays a crucial role in call routing and mobile communication. The primary use of MSRN is associated with the process of call setup and call routing for mobile devices within the GSM network. Here’s a detailed explanation of the use of MSRN … Read more

What is the VSWR effect on antenna?

The VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio) is a measure of how efficiently radio frequency power is transmitted between a transmitter and an antenna or received by an antenna from a transmitter. The VSWR has a significant effect on antennas, influencing their performance and the efficiency of the radio communication system. Let’s explore the effects of … Read more