How Interference Diversity in GSM?

Interference is dependent on time, frequency and mobile location. Without frequency hopping, some cell planning margins must be incorporated so that sufficient service quality can still be provided in an…

BCH ,CBCH and CCCH works in GSM

Broadcast Channels (BCH) Frequency correction channel (FCCH) the “lighthouse” of a BTS Synchronization channel (SCH) PLMN/base identifier of a BTS plus synchronization information (frame number)  Broadcast control channel (BCCH) to…

How Adaptive Multi-Rate Codec (AMR) work in GSM ?

Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) codec consists of a family of codecs (source andchannel codecs with different trade-off bit-rates) operating in the GSM FRand HR channels modes The AMR system exploits the…

Dedicated Control Channel (DCCH) in GSM

SDCCH (Stand-alone Dedicated Control Channel) Uplink and Downlink. Used for call setup, authentication, ciphering location update and SMS. SACCH (Slow Associated Control Channel) Downlink and Uplink. Used to transfer signal…

Basic Work of MSC (Mobile Switching Centre)

Exchange where calls are established, maintained and released Database for all subscribers and their associated features. Communicates with the BSCs on the A interface and with PSTN on fixed line….

Advantages of Intelligent Network (IN)

Concept of Intelligent Network: The introduction of new services and access to the GSM service are based on the concept of Intelligent Network (IN). This is because of the independence…

Downlink Logical Channel in GSM

In 2G GSM Technology in forward direction Downlink (GSM BTS to GSM Mobile). There are mainly five Downlink Logical Channel in GSM. Frequency correction channel (FCCH) Synchronous channel (SCH) Broadcast…

Structure of Combined BCCH in GSM

It is used in the configuration of cells of low traffic density and small capacity. The Combined BCCH is only configured at timeslot 0. Channel combination: FCCH?SCH?BCCH?CCCH+SDCCH/4+SACCH/4 SDCCH/4: Stand-alone dedicated…

Structure of Main BCCH in GSM

The TDMA/FDMA multiplexing is used in GSM, the information needed in the synchronization between MS and BTS is provided by FCCH+SCH. The MS determines the frequency of the BCCH carrier…