Understanding on Motley–Keenan Model for WCDMA

Understanding on Motley–Keenan Model for WCDMA Site-specific models of indoor propagation, as the name implies, take the specific characteristics of a particular building as their input. Often these models count…

Indoor Link Budget for 3G

The table shows representative Link Downlink budget for 3G. Fluctuations in the signal can be represented by a scale and small effects such models are typically used for external circulation….

Passive Distributed Antenna Systems in 3G

Various internal antenna solution can meet the different needs of the deployment. DAS solution distributes a plurality of antenna nodes throughout the coverage area. Each antenna assembly can transmit and…

CDMA Handoff Defination,Types and Capacity

Handoffs The TIA/EIA Interim Standard, Mobile Station – Base Station Compatibility Standard of Dual- Mode Wideband Spread Spectrum Cellular System (TIA/EIA/IS-95), states that a CDMA base station shall support three…

Spatial multiplexing and Receive Diversity in Wimax

Spatial multiplexing WiMAX also supports spatial multiplexing, where multiple independent streams are transmitted across multiple antennas. If the receiver also has multiple antennas, the streams can be separated out using…

Uplink data transmission in LTE

The mapping of transport channels and UL control information (UCI) to physical channels is a task of the physical layer (PHY). Furthermore reference signals are provided by the physical layer…

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