Tag Archives: gsm


What is Smart Antennas in LTE

What is smart antenna? Smart antennas are antenna arrays with intelligent signal processing algorithms that identify spatial signal signatures, such as the direction of arrival of the signal, and calculate the

What is MNC and MCC for GSM

MCC MNC – Telecom What is mcc and mnc :- Both are very first question in your mind when you start learning on telecom its basic behind numbering system in

Spread Spectrum Concept

Dsss – Direct sequence spread spectrum DSSS – Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum is a spread spectrum technology in which original data is expand using PN code randomly to reduce noise

What is HLR and VLR and its function in GSM

As From the Name VLR means Visitor Location Register and HLR means Home Location Register so it has all detail of subscriber so VLR has temporary details. Let’s check in

GSM RF Optimization Step by Step

Here I write about GSM RF Optimization Step by Step and how to find KPI degradation and its solution. The RF network optimization process can be categorized by the following

What is 3G? or WCDMA?

3G is new upgraded cdma technology, in simple word its Wide band Code Devision Multiple Access Technology (WCDMA). This is first technology in which video call possible means voice and

How Interference Diversity in GSM?

Interference is dependent on time, frequency and mobile location. Without frequency hopping, some cell planning margins must be incorporated so that sufficient service quality can still be provided in an

What is the 3GPP?

The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is a collaboration between groups of telecommunication associations, to make a globally applicable third generation 3G mobile phone system specification within the scope of

BCH ,CBCH and CCCH works in GSM

Broadcast Channels (BCH) Frequency correction channel (FCCH) the “lighthouse” of a BTS Synchronization channel (SCH) PLMN/base identifier of a BTS plus synchronization information (frame number)  Broadcast control channel (BCCH) to