What is Principle for Frequency Planning in GSM

The actual frequency planning of certain areas is usually conducted with such areas divided into segments geographically, i.e., first divide a complex network into small networks. However, there should be…

Multi layer Frequency Reuse Pattern in GSM

Multi-layer reuse pattern technology means to divide the whole frequency resources into different subgroups according to specific principles. Each subgroup allocates frequency carriers to every cell by means of different…

BTS Color Code BCC in GSM

BCC is a part of BSIC. For its function, please refer to above sections. BCC is composed of 3 bits. The available range is from 0 to 7. BSIC includes…

What is Use of LAC in GSM

Location Area Code(LAC) :  To locate the location of MS, the whole area covered by each GSM PLMN is divided into different location areas. LAC is used to identify different…

What is Frequency Hopping in GSM

When using close frequency reuse technique, system interference is the most important factor for frequency reuse ratio. Usually, power control and discontinuous transmission technologies are adopted to lower system interference….

How Cell Selection in GSM

Once the mobile is switched on and the registered home PLMN was selected (e.x. SMART), it will next search for a BCCH frequency list, stored in its memory or in…

Work of MA, HSN and MAIO in GSM

Mobile Allocation The MA is a list of hopping frequencies transmitted to a mobile every time it is assigned to a hopping physical channel. The MA-list is a subset of…

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