Definition and works of Interleaving in GSM

The Definition of Interleaving is simply encode logical channel for error protection and security.lets understand how interleaving works in gsm. Having encoded, or error protected the logical channel, the next step…

LTE Ray Tracing Model

The LTE Ray Tracing Model involves analyzing electric wave propagation by using the ray tracing method and obtaining the field strength of received signals through theoretical calculation. Some LTE network…

LTE Standard Propagation Model

The standard propagation model is a model (deduced from the Hata formula) particularly suitable for predication in the 150MHz~3500MHz band over long distance (1Km<d<20Km) and is very adapted to GSM900/1800,…

Propagation model LTE- Cost231-Hata Model

Cost231-Hata model can be used in macro cells as the propagation model. The application range is as follows: Frequency band: 1500 MHz to 2000 MHz Base station height: 30 meters…

Free Space Model for LTE

Free space indicates an ideal, even, and isotropic medium of space. When electromagnetic waves are transmitted in this medium, no reflection, refraction, scattering, or absorption occurs. Propagation losses are caused…

Important OFDM characters for Wimax

Here I list out some important OFDM characters for Wimax. Let’s check it in detail. OFDM Pros and Cons: OFDM enjoys several advantages over other solutions for high-speed transmission. Reduced…

Which OFDM Parameters Used in WiMAX

The  fixed and mobile versions of WiMAX have slightly different implementations of the OFDM physical layer. Fixed WiMAX, which is based on IEEE 802.16-2004, uses a 256 FFT-based OFDM physical…

Definition of LTE Interference Margin

Here I write Interference Margin in simple word and basic definition of interference margin in LTE. Let understands it. Interference margin accounts for the increase in the terminal noise level…

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