GSM technology, GSM RF optimization, GSM Planning and How GSM Works.

Basic Work of MSC (Mobile Switching Centre)

Exchange where calls are established, maintained and released Database for all subscribers and their associated features. Communicates with the BSCs on the A interface and with PSTN on fixed line.

Advantages of Intelligent Network (IN)

Concept of Intelligent Network: The introduction of new services and access to the GSM service are based on the concept of Intelligent Network (IN). This is because of the independence

Downlink Logical Channel in GSM

In 2G GSM Technology in forward direction Downlink (GSM BTS to GSM Mobile). There are mainly five Downlink Logical Channel in GSM. Frequency correction channel (FCCH) Synchronous channel (SCH) Broadcast

Structure of Combined BCCH in GSM

It is used in the configuration of cells of low traffic density and small capacity. The Combined BCCH is only configured at timeslot 0. Channel combination: FCCH?SCH?BCCH?CCCH+SDCCH/4+SACCH/4 SDCCH/4: Stand-alone dedicated

Structure of Main BCCH in GSM

The TDMA/FDMA multiplexing is used in GSM, the information needed in the synchronization between MS and BTS is provided by FCCH+SCH. The MS determines the frequency of the BCCH carrier

Physical Combination of Logical Channel in GSM

As shown above, CCCH=PCH+RACH+AGCH; downlink CCCH=PCH+AGCH; and uplink CCCH=RACH. In the above combinations, combination 3 and 4 must be allocated to slot 0 of the BCCH carrier configured for the

Uplink Logical Channel in GSM

1. Random access channel (RACH) It is an uplink channel used for MS randomly access to network by requesting for an SDCCH. The request includes a 3bit setup reason (call

Logical Channel Type in GSM

As we know, every cell has several TRX and every TRX includes 8 timeslots (i.e. providing 8 basic physical channels). In the radio subsystem, the physical channel supports the logical

Burst in GSM

The LogicalĀ  Channel is used in time multiplex in a physical channel, which is categorized according to the types of messages transmitted in the physical channel. Different logical channels are

Definition of Logical Channel in GSM

The physical channel is the medium over which the information is carried. The logical channel consists of the information carried over the physical channels. A Physical Channel (a TS, defined

What is Frame and Channel in GSM

The major basic concept concerned with the radio path transmission of the GSM system is the burst sequence (simplified as Burst). It is a string of transmission units including more

DTX: Discontinuous Transmission

Actually, during the communication process, the mobile subscriber talks only 40% of the time and there is not much useful information transmitted during rest of the time. If all the