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What is the value of SS-RSRP?

In LTE (Long-Term Evolution), SS-RSRP stands for Serving Cell Reference Signal Received Power. It is a crucial measurement parameter that provides information about the received power level of the reference signals from the serving cell. SS-RSRP is an essential metric in the radio link measurement framework, aiding in the assessment of the signal quality and strength of the primary serving cell. Let’s delve into the detailed explanation of the value and significance of SS-RSRP in LTE.

Serving Cell Reference Signal Received Power (SS-RSRP):

1. Definition:

  • SS-RSRP represents the received power level of the reference signals transmitted by the serving cell to the User Equipment (UE). It is measured in decibels (dBm) and serves as an indicator of the signal strength from the primary serving cell.

2. Reference Signal:

  • LTE networks use reference signals, such as Primary Synchronization Signal (PSS) and Secondary Synchronization Signal (SSS), transmitted by the serving cell. SS-RSRP specifically measures the power level of these reference signals.

Significance of SS-RSRP:

1. Signal Quality Assessment:

  • SS-RSRP is crucial for assessing the quality of the signal received from the serving cell. It indicates the strength of the reference signals, providing insights into the overall radio link quality between the UE and the serving cell.

2. Handover Decision:

  • The SS-RSRP value is used in the decision-making process for handovers. When a UE moves between different cells, the network evaluates SS-RSRP to determine if a handover to a neighboring cell is necessary for maintaining optimal signal quality.

3. Coverage and Connectivity:

  • SS-RSRP contributes to the assessment of coverage and connectivity. A higher SS-RSRP generally indicates a stronger and more reliable connection, ensuring better coverage and a stable link between the UE and the serving cell.

4. Cell Selection and Reselection:

  • During the cell selection and reselection procedures, the SS-RSRP value is considered by the UE to make informed decisions. It helps the UE prioritize and select cells with stronger reference signal power, leading to more efficient and seamless communication.

5. Network Optimization:

  • SS-RSRP measurements are used for network optimization. By analyzing the received power levels across different cells, network operators can adjust parameters, optimize coverage, and enhance the overall performance of the LTE network.

Measurement Procedure:

1. Measurement Reporting:

  • The UE periodically measures the SS-RSRP and reports the results to the serving cell. This reporting is part of the radio link measurement framework, enabling the network to stay informed about the signal quality experienced by UEs.

2. Reporting Events:

  • Events triggering SS-RSRP reporting may include reaching a specific measurement threshold or changes in signal conditions. Reporting events help in efficiently managing network resources and responding to variations in signal quality.

3. Measurement Configuration:

  • The network configures measurement parameters, including measurement gaps and reporting conditions, to control when and how often UEs should measure SS-RSRP. This configuration ensures a balance between measurement accuracy and resource efficiency.

SS-RSRP Measurement Units:

1. Decibels (dBm):

  • SS-RSRP is expressed in decibels relative to one milliwatt (dBm). The negative sign indicates that it is a power level measurement, and a higher negative value implies a weaker signal.


In conclusion, Serving Cell Reference Signal Received Power (SS-RSRP) in LTE is a critical metric that characterizes the strength and quality of reference signals from the serving cell. Its significance in handover decisions, network optimization, and overall signal quality assessment makes it an integral part of the LTE radio link measurement framework.

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