What is the use of LTE phich?

The Physical Hybrid ARQ Indicator Channel (PHICH) in LTE (Long-Term Evolution) is a crucial element designed to support Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest (HARQ) operations, contributing to the reliability and efficiency of data transmission. Let’s explore in detail the purpose and utilization of LTE PHICH.

Definition and Purpose:

1. Definition:

  • PHICH is a downlink channel in LTE that carries Hybrid ARQ information. HARQ is a mechanism used to improve the reliability of data transmission by allowing the retransmission of erroneously received packets.

2. Purpose:

  • The primary purpose of PHICH is to provide the Hybrid ARQ acknowledgment or negative acknowledgment (ACK/NACK) feedback from the User Equipment (UE) to the Evolved NodeB (eNodeB). This feedback is essential for the eNodeB to determine whether the transmitted data was successfully received by the UE.

Hybrid ARQ in LTE:

1. HARQ Process:

  • HARQ is a technique that combines both automatic repeat request (ARQ) and forward error correction (FEC). When the eNodeB sends data to the UE, the UE acknowledges the successful reception (ACK) or requests retransmission (NACK) based on the integrity of the received data.

2. Incremental Redundancy:

  • LTE employs Incremental Redundancy within the HARQ process. In case of a NACK, the eNodeB retransmits only the additional bits needed for correct reception, optimizing the retransmission process and conserving resources.

PHICH Operation:

1. HARQ Process Indication:

  • PHICH carries information about the success or failure of the HARQ process. It signals whether the transmitted data block was correctly received or if retransmission is necessary.

2. ACK/NACK Signaling:

  • PHICH employs different modulation schemes, such as Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK), to convey the ACK/NACK information. The modulation scheme used depends on the channel conditions, providing flexibility to adapt to varying radio environments.

Channel Resources:

1. Allocation:

  • PHICH resources are dynamically allocated by the eNodeB based on the scheduling decisions. The allocation considers factors like the amount of data to be transmitted and the channel conditions.

2. Resource Elements:

  • PHICH occupies specific resource elements within the LTE downlink subframe. These elements are carefully assigned to avoid interference and optimize the transmission of ACK/NACK information.

Role in LTE Transmission:

1. Reliability Improvement:

  • PHICH significantly contributes to improving the reliability of data transmission in LTE by providing prompt feedback to the eNodeB. This enables the eNodeB to adapt its transmission strategy based on the acknowledgment or negative acknowledgment received from the UE.

2. Efficient Resource Utilization:

  • By using PHICH to convey HARQ feedback, LTE ensures the efficient utilization of radio resources. The dynamic allocation of PHICH resources based on network conditions helps in optimizing the overall performance of the wireless communication system.


In summary, the LTE Physical Hybrid ARQ Indicator Channel (PHICH) is a critical component that facilitates the HARQ process, enhancing the reliability and efficiency of data transmission in LTE networks. Its role in conveying timely feedback from the UE to the eNodeB is fundamental to achieving robust and high-performance wireless communication.

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