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How Transport Channel Processing in LTE?

How Transport Channel Processing in LTE? Transport channels are block oriented transmission services and transmit one or more transport blocks per transmission time interval (TTI). The TTI is 1 ms (e.g. one sub-frame). Transport blocks may in general have variable size. Typically the number of transport blocks that can be transmitted in a TTI depends … Read more

QoS Mechanisms in Packet Networks

QoS Mechanisms in Packet Networks There are Three Types of QoS Mechanisms in Packet Networks. Control Plane Mechanisms Data Plane Mechanisms Its Tradeoffs Control Plane Mechanisms Such mechanisms include QoS policy management, signaling, and admission control. QoS policy management is about defining and provisioning the various levels and types of QoS services, as well as … Read more

Layer and channel relationship in LTE

Layer and channel relationship in LTE The radio interface is composed of different layers in order to set up, reconfigure and release the radio bearer services. The protocol layer is composed of physical layer (layer 1), data link layer (layer2), and the network layer (layer3). In the E-UTRAN layer 2 is divided into two sub-layers: … Read more

Synchronization in LTE Mobile “Switch On”

Synchronization in LTE Mobile "Switch On" Primary and Secondary Synchronization Signals occupy 2 blocks of symbols per 10 ms (central 72 subcarriers for all channel bandwidths). An example is shown below for 72 subcarrier- (1.4 MHz) / single antenna case. During the initial cell search, the mobile station searches for the strongest cell. It then … Read more

PLMN selection in “IDEL Mode” for LTE-UE

PLMN selection in "IDEL Mode" for LTE-UE When an UE is switched on, it attempts to make contact with a PLMN. The selection of the PLMN could be either automatically or manually. • Automatic mode: Utilizes a list of PLMN to be selected in priority order. • Manual mode: The mobile station indicates available PLMN … Read more

Uplink Power Control Calculation in LTE

Uplink Power Control Calculation in LTE Transmit power of PUSCH in subframe i is defined by PPUSCH (i) = min{PMAX,10 log10 (MPUSCH (i)) + PO_PUSCH ( j) +α ( j) ⋅ PL + ΔTF (i) + f (i)} [dBm] Pmax: max. allowed power, MPUSCH: number of scheduled RBs, PL: pathless [dB]. ΔTF (i) = 10 … Read more

A Blind can use Touch Screen Smart phone

A Blind can use Touch Screen Smart phone Designed by blind spouses Roger and Margaret Wilson-Hinds, Georgie is a comprehensive smartphone app using a combination of voice recognition software, haptic capability and customized controls. The simple, tailored app lets blind users operate handsets with ease, essentially creating a platform to transform regular smartphones into mobile … Read more

Gigabit LTE

Gigabit LTE – definition, class, technology, devices, availability Gigabit LTE is an important springboard for mobile 5G data connectivity. It contains a number of building blocks for the new network. Gigabit LTE is an advanced form of LTE, the 4G radio technology that mobile operators use to connect mobile devices. Gigabit class lte what is … Read more

Initial LTE Network Design Options

While the goals and design targets specified above may be aggressive, options have been approved for consideration in the design that when used properly, will lead to a more efficient network compared to the existing 3G network. Therefore, in the quest to produce the best network possible in a cost-effective manner while meeting the goal … Read more

Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) in Wimax

QAM symbols are represented by the carrier signal being transmitted with specific phase (90°)/amplitude (dictated by the message), for finite periods of time. QAM constellations (patterns) 2 QAM (Binary PSK – BPSK) Two symbols are defined (1 amplitude; 2 phases) Every symbol transmitted over the transmission channel represents (carries) 1 message bit. Baud rate = … Read more