TELETOPIX.ORG

Telecom Techniques Guide

5G

What is default and dedicated bearer in 5G?

In 5G networks, a default bearer is the initial communication path established when a device connects, serving as the default route for all traffic but lacking specialized guarantees. In contrast, a dedicated bearer is a tailored, dedicated path for specific applications, with allocated resources, low latency, and quality assurances, ideal for demanding services like real-time applications and mission-critical communication.

What is default and dedicated bearer in 5G?

Here’s a detailed explanation of what default and dedicated bearers are:

Default Bearer:

A default bearer is the initial communication path established when a device connects to a 5G network. It serves as the default route for all data traffic between the device and the core network.

Default bearers are used for various purposes, including initial registration, signaling, and providing basic connectivity services to the device.

Characteristics of default bearers:

  • Shared: Default bearers are typically shared among multiple devices. They are used for common functions and do not provide dedicated resources.
  • QoS (Quality of Service): Default bearers may have a basic level of QoS to ensure minimum service quality, but they are not optimized for specific applications or services.
  • Lack of Guarantees: They may not provide strict guarantees for latency, bandwidth, or other performance metrics.

Default bearers are suitable for general internet access and basic communication services.

Dedicated Bearer:

A dedicated bearer, as the name suggests, is a dedicated and specialized communication path established for specific applications, services, or traffic flows within the 5G network.

Characteristics of dedicated bearers:

  • Dedicated Resources: Dedicated bearers are allocated dedicated network resources, including bandwidth and QoS parameters, to meet the specific requirements of the associated service or application.
  • Low Latency: They are often optimized for low latency, making them suitable for real-time applications like video conferencing, online gaming, and autonomous vehicles.
  • Quality Assurance: Dedicated bearers provide guaranteed quality of service tailored to the needs of the application, ensuring a consistent and reliable user experience.
  • Isolation: They can be isolated from other traffic, reducing the chances of interference or congestion affecting the dedicated service.

Dedicated bearers are commonly used for services that demand stringent performance guarantees, such as augmented reality, virtual reality, industrial automation, and mission-critical communication.

In summary, default bearers are the basic communication paths established for general connectivity when a device connects to a 5G network. They are shared among multiple devices and provide basic services. In contrast, dedicated bearers are specialized communication paths with dedicated resources and optimized performance, tailored to the specific requirements of applications and services that demand higher performance and quality of service.

Recent Updates