State of RRC in LTE

RRC uses the following states: RRC_Idle: •The UE is not connected. There is no radio link. •The network knows that the UE is present on the network and is able…

Different Categories of UE in LTE

Categories of UE in LTE is divided by its function which is as per below. Functionality: eNB obtains the UE radio capabilities via: • The S1AP initial setup request message…

How Data Transmission in UL in LTE?

In UL, the UE has no dedicated resources to transmit directly when new data arrived in the buffer from higher layer.  It requests resources to transmit them.  It receives radio…

DL scheduler in LTE

The DL scheduler is spit into 3 functional parts: 1.The Static Scheduler: Which assigns a fixed amount of Transport Blocks as well as PDCCH and PDSCH resources for the BCCH…

Process Gain in WCDMA

How Process Gain works in 3G? Process Gain = 10 Log (Chip rate/Bit Rate) Process gain differs for each service. If the service bit rate is greater, the process gain…

How DL Channel works in LTE?

The PDCCH, Physical Downlink Control Channel, allocates the DL and UL resources. There is one PDCCH per sub-frame.   It helps the UE retrieve the transport blocks from the PDSCH:…

LTE : Data Transmission in DL

The data in DL are sent on the PDSCH  A minimum of 2 RBs are allocated by the eNodeBs.  A RB is 12 sub-carriers on a slot (7 symbols).  The…

UE categories in LTE

These UE categories are often referred to as UE classes. The low end UE does not support MIMO but the high end UE will support 4×4 MIMO Whatever category a…

WCDMA Interleaving

How WCDMA Interleaving ? Effect Interleaving is used to reduce the probability of consecutive bits error Longer interleaving periods have better data protection with more delay Channel coding works well…

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