Frequency Planning Steps for GSM

Frequency Planning is possible by manually or automatic.At initial stage of new RF Network automatic frequency planned and then after for optimization based on KPI manual frequency planing done. Manual…

How and What Spatial Diversity Antenna Systems in GSM

The spatial diversity antenna system is constructed by physically separating two receiving base station antennas. Here I write on spatial diversity antenna system criteria, configuration. SPATIAL DIVERSITY ANTENNA SYSTEMS Once…

Why Diversity Antenna Systems Required

Basically Diversity Antenna required because of Signal Rich at mobile or BTS by reflection and this change value of its level and quality either good or bed. Let’s understand in…

Antenna Types and Antenna Characteristics

In mobile communications two main categories of antennas used are Omni and Directional antenna here I write about antenna characteristics and use. ANTENNA TYPES Omni directional antenna These antennas are…

What and Why Drive Test in RF Network

INTRODUCTION   Predesign drive test for measurement integration This is at beginning of design when no site has been built or even selected. All test sites are temporary. Drive test…

GSM Mobile Equipment and GSM SIM

The Mobile Equipment and SIM are the only parts of the GSM network which the subscriber will really see. Let’s see what inside it. GSM Mobile Equipment There are three…

GSM Repeater what and How to Use

Repeater units are designed to receive signals from a donor site, amplify and rebroadcast the donor sites signals into poor coverage areas or to extend the coverage range of the…

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