GSM technology, GSM RF optimization, GSM Planning and How GSM Works.

Multi layer Frequency Reuse Pattern in GSM

Multi-layer reuse pattern technology means to divide the whole frequency resources into different subgroups according to specific principles. Each subgroup allocates frequency carriers to every cell by means of different

4*3 Frequency Reuse in GSM

The basic frequency reuse mode of GSM is 4*3 frequency reuse. It is the basic of other frequency reuse modes, we also call it regular frequency reuse model. “4” represents

BTS Color Code BCC in GSM

BCC is a part of BSIC. For its function, please refer to above sections. BCC is composed of 3 bits. The available range is from 0 to 7. BSIC includes

Network Color Code NCC for GSM

NCC is a part of BSIC. MS uses it to distinguish adjacent BTS that belong to different GSM PLMN. NCC is composed of 3 bits, with the range of 0

What is BSIC and its use in GSM

BSIC=NCC+BCC In GSM system, each BTS is allocated with a color code, which is called BSIC. MS can identify two cells with the same BCCH by the help of BSIC.

What is Cell Identity CI in GSM

To uniquely identify each cell in the GSM PLMN, the network operator needs to allocate one code for each cell, which is the cell identity (CI). Cell identity, together with

What is Use of LAC in GSM

Location Area Code(LAC) :  To locate the location of MS, the whole area covered by each GSM PLMN is divided into different location areas. LAC is used to identify different

What is Network Identity Parameter CGI in GSM

Network identity parameters mainly include cell global identity (CGI) and base station identity code (BSIC). CGI=MCC+MNC+LAC+CI Once MS receives SYS INFO, it decodes the CGI information, and decides whether it

Timing Advance in GSM

Transmission delay is unavoidable in the radio interface. If the mobile station moves away from the base station during a call, the further distance the more delay. The uplink is