Category : GSM

GSM technology, GSM RF optimization, GSM Planning and How GSM Works.

Uplink Logical Channel in GSM

Uplink Logical Channel in GSM

1. Random access channel (RACH) It is an uplink channel used for MS randomly access to network by requesting for an SDCCH. The request includes a 3bit setup reason (call request, paging response, location
Logical Channel Type in GSM

Logical Channel Type in GSM

As we know, every cell has several TRX and every TRX includes 8 timeslots (i.e. providing 8 basic physical channels). In the radio subsystem, the physical channel supports the logical channel based on the
Burst in GSM

Burst in GSM

The LogicalĀ  Channel is used in time multiplex in a physical channel, which is categorized according to the types of messages transmitted in the physical channel. Different logical channels are used in transmission of
Definition of Logical Channel in GSM

Definition of Logical Channel in GSM

The physical channel is the medium over which the information is carried. The logical channel consists of the information carried over the physical channels. A Physical Channel (a TS, defined by a fixed position
What is Frame and Channel in GSM

What is Frame and Channel in GSM

The major basic concept concerned with the radio path transmission of the GSM system is the burst sequence (simplified as Burst). It is a string of transmission units including more than 100 modulation bits.
DTX: Discontinuous Transmission

DTX: Discontinuous Transmission

Actually, during the communication process, the mobile subscriber talks only 40% of the time and there is not much useful information transmitted during rest of the time. If all the information is transmitted to
Frequency Hopping

Frequency Hopping

When the voice signal is transmitted after being processed and modulated, the frequency hopping technique will be used too, i.e. the transmission carrier varies constantly at different timeslots (of course, the variation should comply
What is Interleaving

What is Interleaving

If the voice signal is modulated and transmitted directly after channel coding, due to the condition changes in mobile communication channel, a deep of the fading will influence a successive string of bits and
What is Channel Coding

What is Channel Coding

To check and correct errors during the transmission, redundancy data and the information calculated from the source data are added to the stream so as to increase the bit rate. For the voice, the
Basic of GSM Um,Abis and A Interface

Basic of GSM Um,Abis and A Interface

GSM (Um) Air Interface This is the interface between the GSM mobile station and the GSM Base station. The Air interface (RF Interface) uses the Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) technique to transmit and
How PLMN Selection in GSM

How PLMN Selection in GSM

When the mobile is switched on it will select the registered PLMN in the mobile if there exist one. If there is no registered GSM PLMN or the registered PLMN is not available (no