GSM technology, GSM RF optimization, GSM Planning and How GSM Works.

What is HLR and VLR and its function in GSM

As From the Name VLR means Visitor Location Register and HLR means Home Location Register so it has all detail of subscriber so VLR has temporary details. Let’s check in

What is MNC and MCC for GSM

MCC MNC – Telecom What is mcc and mnc :- Both are very first question in your mind when you start learning on telecom its basic behind numbering system in

What is Burst in GSM and Burst Types in GSM

The Below a GSM burst. It consists of several different elements. These elements are as below: This is the area in which the speech, data or control information is held.

What is BSIC and its use in GSM

BSIC=NCC+BCC In GSM system, each BTS is allocated with a color code, which is called BSIC. MS can identify two cells with the same BCCH by the help of BSIC.

How Authentication Center (AUC) works in GSM

When we talk about Mobile Business then its worst useful without authentication means to make Network as business all user required to be authenticate lets understand how authentication done in

Network Color Code NCC for GSM

NCC is a part of BSIC. MS uses it to distinguish adjacent BTS that belong to different GSM PLMN. NCC is composed of 3 bits, with the range of 0

Dedicated Control Channel (DCCH) in GSM

SDCCH (Stand-alone Dedicated Control Channel) Uplink and Downlink. Used for call setup, authentication, ciphering location update and SMS. SACCH (Slow Associated Control Channel) Downlink and Uplink. Used to transfer signal

BCH ,CBCH and CCCH works in GSM

Broadcast Channels (BCH) Frequency correction channel (FCCH) the “lighthouse” of a BTS Synchronization channel (SCH) PLMN/base identifier of a BTS plus synchronization information (frame number)  Broadcast control channel (BCCH) to

BCH,CCCH and DCCH Channel of GSM

BCH (Broadcast Channels) BCCH(Broadcast Control Channels) Downlink Only. Broadcast information of the serving cell (System Information). Transmitted on timeslot zero of BCCH carrier. Read only by idle mobile at least

GSM RF Optimization Step by Step

Here I write about GSM RF Optimization Step by Step and how to find KPI degradation and its solution. The RF network optimization process can be categorized by the following